Is the 5th canton in the province of San José in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 297.50 km²,and has a population of 17,233. The capital city of the canton is San Marcos. The canton was established by a legislative decree of August 7, 1868. It was part of the Desamparados canton by that time. Tarrazu is located about 70 kilometers south of the Capital San Jose, in a pristine valley surrounded by mountains that are part of the Talamanca Sierra in southern Costa Rica. Downtown San Marcos is 1350 meters above sea level but is surrounded by peaks as high as 3000 meters above sea level.