The History of Coffee
Its origin is based in the province of Kaffa, Etiopia, between VI and IX DC centuries Its consumption grew and became popular in the neighbouring arab countries thanks to the prohibition of alcohol by Islam. The “K’hawah”, or energizing, as it became known was prohibited by the ortodox imams and conservatives in 1511 in Meca and in 1532 in Cairo, because of its stimulating effect, put the popularity of the product forced the government to cancel the decree. In the XV century the Muslims introduced cofee in Persia, Eqypt, northern Africa and Turkey, where the first Café, Kiva Han, opened in 1475 in Constantinople and by 1630 there was a thousand cafes in Cairo.
Coffee was then transported by the Dutch and the Portuguese to Ceilán, Java, India and other regions of Asia and Africa and arriving in Europe in the year 1600 thanks to the merchants of Venice where Pope Clemente VIII said that; “This beverage is so delicious that it would be a sin to let only misbelievers drink it!” The Muslims, jealous of their Arabia coffee plants prohibited their exportation. It is believed that the German Botanist Léonard Rauwolf, a german doctor on a return trip of ten years in the Middle East described coffee for the first time in a book published in 1583: “A beverage as black as ink, useful against numerous illnesses, particularly those of the stomach. Its consumers take it in the morning, quite frankly, in a porcelain cup that is passed around and from which each one drinks a cupful. It is composed of water and the fruit from a bush called bunnu.”
In the years 1650, it was imported and regularly consumed in Enland and Cafes started to open cafes in Oxford and London. In 1670 the first café opened in Berlin and in Paris. Café Procope was the first to open in 1686; it is said that here for the first time they made coffee by passing hotwater through a ground coffee filter. The history of the celebrated Vienna cafeterias began in 1683 with the Battle of Vienna. In the year 1708 the governor of Java, Von Hoorn, took some plants to Holland and gave them as a gift to Luis XIV, the King of France, a coffee plant was sowen in the vine yeards of Paris and in 1714, the Capitain of the infantary Français Gabriel Mathieu Desclieux, hid a shoot of one of these plants and took it to the hills of the Monte Peleé in Martinique, and in Santo Domingo, where fifty years later they would cultivate 19 thousands plants in Martinique. By the mid XVIII century, all of the European cities had cafes and in 1732 Johann Sebastián Bach, componed an ode to coffee. During the XVIII the drink became even more popular and its production increased in several tropical countries to satisfy the demand in Europe. In 1727 it was moved from Sumatra to Brasil, and then it passed to Perú, Paraguay and Colombia, Guyana Francesa, África on the escuator, Haití and Santo Domingo, Vietnam, Kenia and Costa de Marfil. To the island of Cuba and from there to Costa Rica between 1748. Then it extended to Puerto Rico and El Salvador in 1760, to Guatemala in 1750 and to Bolivia, Ecuador and Panamá in 1784.